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Cherokee Woven Basket

Artist/Maker:
Cherokee Women
Place Made:
Near Moravian Springplace Mission Georgia United States of America
Date Made:
1800-1830
Medium:
rivercane
Dimensions:
HOA: 5 3/4″; WOA: 7 3/4″; DOA: 7 3/4″
Accession Number:
5136.2
Description:
Square double woven basket of dark rivercane. A square and cross pattern is woven with alternating strips of light and dark dyed rivercane. Shows signs of wear on one bottom corner. Has an inner woven part connected to the outer woven part, called a doubleweave basket. Dyed with walnut.

Traditionally basketweaving was a woman’s craft. Baskets often had fancy designs, and were double woven using river cane for strength. Designs were handed down from mother to daughter. Some baskets were painted as well as dyed. The Cherokee created paints from berry juice, nuts, and roots. Although their baskets added color and gaiety to the appearance of their homes, they were also useful. Baskets were used for just about everything – to gather the crops, to store food, to store belongings,and to haul goods.

History:
This basket was likely sent to Salem, North Carolina, from the Moravian mission to the Cherokee at Spring Place, Georgia.

Included in exhibit, “Cherokee Baskets: Woven Culture” at GA Museum of Art UGA and published in Catalog of the same name plate 6.

Credit Line:
On loan by the Wachovia Historical Society