Collections › OSMG Collection › Cherokee Woven Basket

Cherokee Woven Basket

Artist/Maker:
Cherokee Women
Place Made:
Near Moravian Springplace Mission Georgia United States of America
Date Made:
1800-1861
Medium:
rivercane
Dimensions:
HOA: 7″; WOA: 9.5″; LOA: 9.5″
Accession Number:
5136.1
Description:
Baskets made by the Cherokee before their forced removal from Georgia in 1838 are rare. This example survives because it was brought to Salem, North Carolina, by Moravian missionaries.

Traditionally only the women made baskets. Baskets often had fancy designs, and were made in a special way, with double weaving, using river cane, so that they were very sturdy. Designs were handed down from mother to daughter. Some baskets were painted as well as dyed. The Cherokee created paints from berry juice, nuts, and roots. Although their baskets added color and gaiety to the appearance of their homes, they were also useful. Baskets were used for just about everything – to gather the crops, to store food, to store belongings, and to haul things.

DESCRIPTION: Double woven basket of multi-colored rivercane. Alternating colors of medium and dark browns. A light brown color is used throughout most of outside of the basket and on the interior of the basket. There is some wear on two of the bottom corners. The basket has a square shape with a doubleweave design creating a different pattern on the inside than on the outside. The reeds are dyed with walnut and bloodroot.

History:
Likely sent to Salem, North Carolina, from the Moravian mission to the Cherokee at Spring Place, Georgia.
Credit Line:
On loan by Wachovia Historical Society