Although the colorfully slip decorated wares of the Moravian potters working in the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries have become well-known, much of what was produced by Moravian potters throughout this time period was utilitarian in nature such as this hand basin.
The basin is a form that was made by several different Moravian potters for decades. This example was probably made in the shop of John Holland or Heinrich Schaffner.
John Holland (1781-1843) was a resident of Salem and was the apprentice and journeyman to Rudolph Christ (1750-1833); he also became the master potter.
Heinrich Schaffner (1798-1877) became a resident of Salem and worked for John Holland for a period of time, but left Holland and started his own pottery business (not controlled by the congregation); he later turned the business over to Daniel Krause, Salem’s last potter.