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Salem from the Southwest

Welfare, Christian Daniel
Place Made:
Salem North Carolina United States of America
Date Made:
paper –oil –ink
HOA: 18″; WOA 22 1/4″; DOA: 1″
Accession Number:
DESCRIPTION: Oil painted lithograph of Salem, North Carolina from the southwest. Welfare’s name is in the lower left corner. The central building is the mill.

Daniel Welfare was Salem’s first native-born artist. Known for his portraits of town residents, his landscape paintings depict Salem from a variety of physical approaches. The foreground of this view portrays the southwest approach to the town with a privately owned grist mill near the center of the painting which was built in 1819 to replace an earlier mill owned in part by the Church. While the mill and the people nearby remind the viewer of commercial success, the church steeple is actually the highest element of the townscape in the background.

The mill that served Salem is shown in the forefront of this painted lithograph that depicts the town of Salem from the southwest. The mill was used for a variety of things, including sawing lumber, grinding grain, and boring rifle barrels.
Credit Line:
Wachovia Historical Society Collection