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Tall Case Clock

Eberhardt, Johann Ludwig (attr.) __Clockworks by ||Belo, Johann Frederick __Case by
Place Made:
Salem North Carolina United States of America
Date Made:
cherry –poplar –brass
HOA 8’4″; WOA (base) 19 1/2
Accession Number:
DESCRIPTION: Cherry tall case clock with brass works and painted dial, displaying moons with a castle and a ship at top of dial; arched top supports three wooden finials, pendulum window glass in door; straight bracket feet.

According to Frank Albright’s research, the movement to this case is of Salem manufacture. However, it is difficult to ascribe this movement to Eberhardt absolutely, although it seems likely that he at least had a hand in the construction. It is a typical eight day movement with hourly strike, moon dial, date, and second hand dial. The case was probably made by Johann Friedrich Belo about 1815.

MAKER (WORKS): Johann Ludwig Eberhardt, North Carolina’s most prolific clockmaker, arrived in the Moravian town of Salem from Germany in 1799 and worked there until 1837. According to an 1809 inventory of his shop, 30-hour clocks such as this sold (without case) for $30.

MAKER (CASE): Johann Frederick Belo (1780-1827) was one of several cabinetmakers to arrive in Salem in 1806. It is generally believed that the 1806 influx of cabinetmakers is responsible for the shift away from the Baroque style in Moravian cabinetmaking and toward a more neoclassical approach. Belo was born in Herrnhut, Germany, where he was trained in the art of cabinetmaking. His memoir indicates that he worked in the table-making shop in Herrnhut prior to coming to Salem. After his arrival, he worked in the Single Brothers’ House joiner shop until 1808 when he received permission to set up his own shop. Belo continued to work in Salem until his death in 1827. He is credited with having one of the strongest stylistic impacts on Moravian furniture of the period despite the fact that he suffered from repeated illnesses throughout his life.

According to family tradition, this clock always stood in the north-east corner of the parlor of the Johann Heinrich Leinbach house. Mrs. Veazie, the lender, was the great-granddaughter of the original owner. Miss Helen Vogler has a clock with the same case, only walnut, but with a brass face works marked on face: PETER SCHUTZ / YORK / 134. Peter Schutz worked in York, 1758-90. Another such clock is known with a pewter nameplate on brass dial, number 124. See Palmer, THE BOOK OF AMERICAN CLOCKS.
Credit Line:
Old Salem Collection