Landscape, Race, and Culture: Shaping a World of Color in the American South

James A. Gray, Jr. Auditorium, Old Salem Visitor Center

Thursday, September 26, 2019 through Saturday, September 28, 2019




Nationally recognized scholars from across the United States will convene to discuss

the issues of race, culture, and landscape


how these factors formed a complex world of color on the American South.














General Registration                                                                                                                      $295.00

Friends/Members of Old Salem/MESDA & Southern Garden History Society                               $275.00


Registration Fee: Includes all conference lectures, activities, meals, breaks, materials, and museum admissions. Registration deadline is September 12, 2019.

Cancellation Policy: Registrants who cancel at least two weeks prior to the conference will be given a full refund minus $50 handling fee. No refunds will be given for cancellations that occur less than two weeks prior to the conference.





This conference is part of Old Salem’s larger “Hidden Town Project”. To read more regarding the history, research, goals, and execution of this project follow this link:








All events held at the Old Salem Visitor center unless otherwise noted.

Thursday, September 26

2:00 pm   Conference Registration

2:30-3:30 pm   Pre-Conference Optional Tours at Old Salem Museum & Gardens (Concurrent Tours; Space limited and pre-registration required)

      • Hidden Town Tour of Old Salem, Martha Hartley, Director of Moravian Research
        • $20 per person
        • Please meet at Log Church at St. Philips Complex, 913 S. Church Street
      • “A Hidden Legacy: The African American Influence in Southern Decorative Arts, Daniel Ackermann, Curator of Museum of Early Southern Decorative Arts (MESDA)
        • $20 per person
        • Please meet at MESDA, Frank L. Horton Center, 924 S. Main Street
      • Homowo Harvest Collection: African/American HeirloomsEric Jackson, Old Salem Horticulture
        • $20 per person
        • Please meet at Single Brothers’ Garden, near 10 W. Academy Street






6:00 pm Conference Registration

6:30 pm Reception

7:00 – 8:00 pm Flora Ann Bynum Keynote Lecture

Welcome & Introduction, Franklin Vagnone, President and CEO, Old Salem Museums & Gardens

“Black Landscapes Matter,” Kofi Boone, ASLA

Professor of Landscape Architecture, North Carolina State University College of Design

*Dinner on your own.







Friday, September 27

8:30 am Conference Registration / Coffee & Tea, Moravian Sugar Cake


Session I: Creating Landscapes of Enslavement and Emancipation

9:00 am

  • IntroductionDr. Andrew Gurstelle, Academic Director, Wake Forest University Museum of Anthropology

9:10 am 

  • Landscapes of Enslavement in West Africa,”  Louis P. Nelson, Professor of Architectural History and Vice Provost for Academic Outreach, University of Virginia

10:00 am

  • “Making Mitchelville: Freedom on the South Carolina Sea Islands, 1861-1893,” Dana E. Byrd, Assistant Professor, Art History, Bowdoin College

10:45 am Break


Session II:  Retrieving the African American Landscape through Archaeology: Town and Country

11:00 am

  • Introduction , Dr. Andrew Gurstelle, Academic Director, Wake Forest University Museum of Anthropology

11:10 am

  • “Reversing the Narrative: Using Archaeology to Bring the Enslaved Community into Focus at James Madison’s Montpelier,” Matthew B. Reeves, Director of Archaeology and Landscape Restoration, James Madison’s Montpelier

12:00 pm

  • “Archaeology and the Landscape of Enslavement in Charleston, South Carolina,” Martha Zierden, Curator of Historical Archaeology, The CharlestonMuseum

12:45 pm Lunch


Session III:  Emerging Scholars

1:45 pm

  • Introduction, Anthony S. Parent Jr., PhD, Professor of History and American Ethnic Studies, Wake Forest University

1:55 pm

  • “As you draw nearer, new beauties discover themselves”: Planting Landscapes of Isolation and Control in Barbados and South Carolina,” Erin Holmes, PhD, Andrew W. Mellon Post-Doctoral Curatorial Fellow at the American Philosophical Society

2:20 pm

  • “Seeing Enslavement at The Heyward-Washington House,” Sarah Platt, PhD Candidate, Syracuse University, Archaeological Analyst, Digital Archaeological Archive of Comparative Slavery at Monticello

2:45 pm

  • “Claiming the Big House: The Plantation Landscape Origins of Historically Black Colleges and Universities,” Tiffany Momon,Visiting Assistant Professor, History Department, Sewanee: The University of South Carolina

3:05 pm Break


Session IV:  The Hidden Town Project

3:20 pm

  • Introduction,  Martha Hartley, Director of Moravian Research, and Co-Chair, Hidden Town Project, Old Salem Museums & Gardens

3:30-4:15 pm

  • Phoebe,” Renée Andrews, Storyteller and Outreach Librarian (retired), Malloy/Jordan East Winston Heritage Center
  • Hide and Seek: Findings of A Hidden Legacy,”  Cheryl Harry, Manager of Human Relations and Co-Chair, Hidden Town Project, Old Salem Museums & Gardens
  • “Archaeology and the Hidden Town Project: Possibilities and Pathways Toward a Landscape Archaeology of Enslavement in Salem,” Geoffrey Hughes,PhD Candidate, Department of Anthropology, University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill

6:00-9:00 pm Dinner

  • Tour St. Philips African Moravian Log Church, Graveyards, Brick Church






Saturday, September 28

9:00 am Coffee & Tea, Moravian Sugar Cake


Session V:  20th Century Perspectives

9:30 am

  • Introduction, John Sykes, President, Southern Garden History Society, and Director, Magnolia Mound, Baton Rouge, Louisiana

9:40 am

  • “Closer Than Botanists to Landscape Architects:  George Washington Carver and David Augustus Williston,”  Dreck Spurlock Wilson, ASLA, NOMA, Associate Professor of Architectural History, Howard University, College of Architecture, Engineering and Computer Science

10:25 am

  • “Five Row: Reynolda’s Lost Village,” Eugenia Parent, Director of Internship Development, BEM Program, Wake Forest University School of Business

11:00 am

  • “EDANKRAAL, Edward and Anne Spencer’s Garden of Eden in Lynchburg, Virginia,” Shaun Spencer-Hester, Director, Anne Spencer Memorial Foundation, Inc.

11:30 am Lunch / Box Lunch for Stagville Tour













Afternoon Optional Tours, $45 per person [space limited and pre-registration required]

12:30-3:30 pm

  • African American Cultural Trolley Tour of Winston-Salem, NC

Experience a quintessential tour of local Black American history and culture. While transported on a restored “Triad Trolley,” you’ll visit Winston-Salem’s historic black neighborhood, view remaining architecturally significant buildings, tour art galleries, and more culturally immersive experiences! Guided by Cheryl Harry, Executive Director, Triad Cultural Arts, Inc.

11:45- 6:30 pm

  • Historic Stagville Tour, Durham, NC,

Enjoy a box lunch en route to Historic Stagville for a special guided tour and time to explore on your own. This state historic site includes the remnants of the one of the largest plantations in North Carolina. The Bennehan-Cameron family owned approximately 30,000 acres of land and claimed ownership over about 900 people who were enslaved on this property. Stagville protects a fraction of the land from that plantation, including original slave quarters (1851), a massive barn (1860), and a Bennehan family house (1787-1799). Stagville is dedicated to teaching about the lives and work of enslaved people on the plantation. Will return to Old Salem by 6:30 p.m.


“Landscape Conference” block rates will be held until August 26, 2019.  Nightly rate range $109-129.

The Historic Brookstown Inn

200 Brookstown Avenue



Hawthorne Inn

420 High Street


Fairfield Inn & Suites

125 S. Main Street


The Zevely Inn

803 S. Main Street




Announcing the 2019 Landscape, Race, and Culture Social Media Fellows

Jacinta White – Jacinta V. White is the director of The Word Project, the founding editor-in-chief of Snapdragon: A Journal of Art & Healing, and a poetA North Carolina native, Her work has been featured in several magazines and journals including Prime Number Magazine, New Verse News, Blackberry: A Magazine, and The Transnational: A Bilingual Literary Magazine. Jacinta’s collection of poems, “broken ritual,” was published in 2012 by Finishing Line Press. Her most recent collection, “Resurrecting the Bones: Birthed from a Journey through African American Churches & Cemeteries,” will be released in September by Press 53.  Jacinta will be presenting the Old Salem Museums & Gardens Landscape Conference via her various social media platforms:  INSTAGRAM: @jacintaVwhite     TWITTER: @jacintaVWhite









C.P. Tew – Known on social media channels as “Winston Watchman”,  C.P. Tew is a social justice advocate, and a consistently vocal commentator on local and national news.  He has lived in or near Winston-Salem all of his life and holds a B.A. in History and a B.A. in Political Science from WSSU. He notes that his social media work is “A careful and sometimes critical observer of Winston-Salem N.C.”.  TWITTER: @WinstonWatchman BLOG:  INSTAGRAM: @WinstonWatchman