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Young Warrior (1770)
Start at the Tavern

This Pathway was researched and written by Cherokee Advisory Committee advisors Watson Harlan (CNO) and Malaciah Taylor (EBCI). 

Cherokee have been in contact with the settlers of Salem and Bethabara about as long as there have been settlers in these regions. The first recorded visit of a Cherokee to the Moravians was in 1752. Many Cherokee attended church services while in the town as a show of respect to the people there. Although they attended the services, the first official conversion of a Cherokee to the Moravian faith wouldn’t occur until 1809, after a mission was constructed in 1805 in the Nation. Among the hundreds of Cherokee visitors and friends of the two towns, one particular visitor tells a story that, while not grandiose, exemplifies the complexity of international diplomacy and the importance of personal diplomacy in matters of both community and of state. Explore Salem as a “stranger” through the eyes of Young Warrior.

Abraham (1780)
Start at Salt and Academy Streets

As a Mandinko warrior in the Guinea area of West Africa in the 18th century, Abraham was caught in the turmoil of the times. Captured in battle and sold to enslavers, leaving behind a family and many children in West Africa, he endured the cruel Middle Passage to a life of slavery in the colonies. After his arrival on a French island in the West Indies, he was taken to Virginia. In 1771 his enslaver brought “Sambo,” as he was called, and another native African to Wachovia to sell. Torn away from the life he knew, he found himself isolated in a strange land surrounded by people who didn’t speak his language. In 1780, he was given a new name and began a new life as a member of the Moravian Church. Follow his path as one of the first enslaved Moravian brethren in Salem.

Martha Miksch Vierling (1807)
Start at the First House

Martha Miksch first came to Salem as a little girl, when her parents Matthew and Henrietta Miksch, moved the family into a small house on Main Street. As a child in a tightly controlled Moravian congregation town, she grew up in a place where major decisions were made by church leaders and residents (children and adults alike) were expected to follow the church’s rules. Everything from where you lived, how you made a living, and even who you married was subject to church approval. While some townspeople chaffed under this strict regimen, Martha seems to have thrived. Humble, hardworking, intelligent, and devout, Martha navigated her world with a quiet dignity and grace. By 1807, she was the wife of the town’s doctor, Samuel Benjamin Vierling, and was pregnant with her seventh child. Her household also included her parents, her stepdaughter, who was visiting from Pennsylvania, her husband’s apprentice, and, by the end of the year, an enslaved woman named Penny. Join Martha as she goes about another busy day in Salem.

Polly Steiner (1826)
Start at MESDA

Maria Steiner, known as “Polly” to friends, had a long and distinguished career as an educator at the Girls’ Boarding School and also as a leader of the Single Sisters’ Choir in Salem. Her love of learning, highly inquisitive mind, and patient and kind disposition made her an excellent teacher, leader, and friend. The lively Polly was strong of character with a fiercely independent spirit, which at times caused her to bump heads with the town leaders, although this never discouraged Polly from voicing her opinion and seeking her own path. Come along with Polly as she navigates the streets of Salem in 1826.

Richard Siewers (1872)
Start at St. Philips

Richard Siewers was born enslaved in 1835 in North Carolina. By the spring of 1865 the Civil War was ending. On April 10, Union General William J. Palmer stayed overnight in Salem. In the coming weeks, Confederates from General Robert E. Lee’s surrendered army passed through Salem daily. Certainly, news was circulating about the end of the war and hopes for freedom. At the Sunday service in the African Church on May 21, 1865 a large crowd gathered from Salem and the area. According to the “Negro Church Diary” for May 21: “The church was crowded with colored people, and a few whites, it having become known that the Rev. Mr. Clark, chaplain of the 10th Regt. Ohio Cavalry, would speak.” Richard Siewers and his neighbors were likely among the congregation that day who heard the Rev. Clark read scripture, deliver remarks, and read two general orders from General John M. Schofield, declaring the enslaved to be free. Follow Richard Siewer’s journey to emancipation and land ownership, as one of the first residents of Happy Hill in 1872.

Gus Reich (1913)
Start at Winkler Bakery

The year is 1913. Winston and Salem have merged to become the brand new city of Winston-Salem. By this time, Gus Reich has lived a long, eventful life.  Drop in on Gus, at the age of 80, as he reminisces about his youth, trading war stories from his experience with the 26th Regiment Band during the Civil War, and sharing the tale of his unorthodox career as a magician, puppeteer, necromancer, and illusionist…but be careful, he has a few tricks up his sleeve.

Flora Ann Bynum (1989)
Start at the Miksch Garden

The year is 1989 and your guide will be Flora Ann Bynum, noted horticulturist, author, and historic landscape expert who served as the chairman of the Old Salem Landscape Restoration Committee for 30 years. According to her friends, “Flora Ann was always available to advise the humblest of individuals about their home gardens. Women and men often telephoned, wrote, knocked at her door or entered her garden seeking advice or inquiring about the name of a flower…Sharing the answer was for Flora Ann an act of graciousness and a small step in her mission to save the Southern landscape.” Without her passion and influence, Old Salem as we know it, might look very different. Take a tour of Salem’s beautiful historic gardens, with the woman who helped make them possible. – Magnolia Bulletin of the Southern Garden History Society, 2006


Old Salem and MESDA have taken advantage of the temporary closure brought on by COVID-19 by allocating additional time and resources towards their Study South initiative, allowing for extensive study of the historical records and material culture of the American South. Salem Pathways is a direct result of this additional research focus. Each pathway will be filled with historical narratives, artifacts, and other material culture related to each person and time period.

Salem Pathways observes how all of our lives are interconnected through the spaces we share, even across time. Even though each of these people are vastly different and come from different time periods, the physical space of Salem acts as a confluence to bring them, and all of us, together.